That makes this President's total number of commutations (89) more than the previous four presidents combined. As I've pointed out previously, that number will continue to grow over the next 18 months.
Next, President Obama addressed the NAACP's annual convention in Philadelphia and proposed his ideas for criminal justice reform:
1. Invest in early childhood education
2. Summer jobs programs for youth
3. Police reform
4. Reduce or eliminate mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent drug crimes
5. Offer more job training programs for prison inmates
6. Review the overuse of solitary confinement in prisons
7. Increase job opportunities
On that last point, the President made a stark comparison:
When America’s unemployment rate was 9.5 percent, when I first came into office, as it was going up, we properly recognized this is a crisis. Right now, the unemployment rate among African Americans is 9.5 percent. What should we call that? It is a crisis. And we have to be just as concerned about continuing to lift up job opportunities for these young people.Finally, Obama became the first president to ever visit a federal prison.
After meeting with 6 inmates at the El Reno Federal Correctional Institution, the President made an extraordinary statement:
And I think we have a tendency sometimes to almost take for granted or think it’s normal that so many young people end up in our criminal justice system. It’s not normal. It’s not what happens in other countries.And so not only was he the first president to visit a federal prison, he's probably also the first president to ever acknowledge that the line dividing his life trajectory and the inmates he visited is summed up by "there but for the grace of God go I."
What is normal is teenagers doing stupid things. What is normal is young people making mistakes. And we’ve got to be able to distinguish between dangerous individuals who need to be incapacitated and incarcerated versus young people who, in an environment in which they are adapting but if given different opportunities, a different vision of life, could be thriving the way we are.
That’s what strikes me -- there but for the grace of God. And that I think is something that we all have to think about.
As President Obama goes "all-in" on criminal justice reform, it will be interesting to watch the reaction of Republicans. As we've seen recently, many (especially at the state and local level) have signed on to the need for these kinds of reforms. In years past, their strategy of total obstruction would mean that it was now time to oppose them. Will it play out any differently on this one?